Green River Endemic Species

An endemic species is a species that is found in only one location in the world.  The Green River is home to 43 endemic species!  There are also  dozens of rare and endangered species.

Places like this aren’t common throughout the world, especially ones so heavily influenced by human impacts.  the general health and extreme biodiversity of the Green River is a testament to its’ unique geology, history, and importance to local communities.

This is the list of Green River endemics:

Green River Basin Endemic Species

  • Fish
    • Thoburnia atripinnis, Blackfin sucker
    • Etheostoma barbouri, Teardrop darter
    • Etheostoma barrenense, Splendid darter
    • Etheostoma bellum, Orangefin darter
    • Etheostoma kantuckeense , Highland Rim darter
    • Etheostoma rafinesqui, Kentucky darter
    • Etheostoma tecumsehi, Shawnee Darter
    • Etheostoma jimmycarter, Bluegrass Darter
  • Crustaceans
    • Palaemonias ganteri, Kentucky Cave shrimp
    • Bryocamptus morrisoni elegans, A Copepod
    • Sagittocythere stygia, An Ectocommensal Ostracod
    • Orconectes barrenensis, Barren River crayfish
    • Barbicambarus cornutus, Bottlebrush crayfish
  • Mussels
    • Villosa ortmanni, Kentucky Creekshell mussel
  • Insects
    • Arrhopalites altus, A Cave Obligate Springtail
    • Batrisodes henroti, A Cave Obligate Beetle
    • Batrisodes hubrichti, A Cave Obligate Beetle
    • Pseudanophthalmus audax, Bold Cave Beetle
    • Pseudanophthalmus globiceps, Round-headed Cave Beetle
    • Pseudanophthalmus inexpectatus, Surprising Cave Beetle
    • Pseudanophthalmus pubescens intrepidus, A Cave Obligate Beetle
    • Pseudanophthalmus simulans, Cub Run Cave Beetle
    • Pseudanophthalmus transfluvialis, A Cave Obligate Beetle
    • Pseudosinella espanita, A Cave Obligate Springtail
    • Soyedina calcarea, A Stonefly
    • Tychobythinus hubrichti, A Cave Obligate Beetle
  • Other invertebrates
    • Belba bulbipedata, A Cave Obligate Mite
    • Galumna alata, A Cave Obligate Mite
    • Kleptochthonius attenuates, A Cave Obligate Pseudoscorpion
    • Kleptochthonius cerberus, A Cave Obligate Pseudoscorpion
    • Kleptochthonius hageni, A Cave Obligate Pseudoscorpion
    • Kleptochthonius hubrichti, A Cave Obligate Pseudoscorpion
    • Kleptochthonius microphthalmus, A Cave Obligate Pseudoscorpion
    • Macrocheles troglodytes, A Cave Obligate Mite
    • Neaphaenops tellkampfi, A Cave Obligate Beetle
    • Phalangodes armata, A Cave Obligate Harvestman
    • Pseudanophthalmus darlingtoni, A Cave Obligate Beetle
    • Pseudanophthalmus menetriesi, A Cave Obligate Beetle
    • Pseudanophthlamus pilosus, A Cave Obligate Beetle
    • Pseudanophthalmus striatus, A Cave Obligate Beetle
    • Pseudotremia merops, A Cave Obligate Milliped
    • Ptomaphagus hirtus, A Cave Obligate Beetle
    • Tyrannochthonius hypogeus, A Cave Obligate Pseudoscorpion
  • Plants
    • None